Publications

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Ogata, T, Xie S-P.  2011.  Semiannual Cycle in Zonal Wind over the Equatorial Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate. 24:6471-6485.   10.1175/2011jcli4243.1   Abstract
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Okajima, H, Xie SP, Numaguti A.  2003.  Interhemispheric coherence of tropical climate variability: Effect of the climatological ITCZ. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. 81:1371-1386. Abstract
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Okumura, Y, Xie SP.  2004.  Interaction of the Atlantic equatorial cold tongue and the African monsoon. Journal of Climate. 17:3589-3602. Abstract
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Okumura, YM, Deser C, Hu A, Timmermann A, Xie SP.  2009.  North Pacific Climate Response to Freshwater Forcing in the Subarctic North Atlantic: Oceanic and Atmospheric Pathways. Journal of Climate. 22:1424-1445.   10.1175/2008jcli2511.1   Abstract
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Okumura, Y, Xie SP, Numaguti A, Tanimoto Y.  2001.  Tropical Atlantic air-sea interaction and its influence on the NAO. Geophysical Research Letters. 28:1507-1510. Abstract
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Okumura, Y, Xie SP.  2006.  Some overlooked features of tropical Atlantic climate leading to a new Nino-like phenomenon. Journal of Climate. 19:5859-5874. Abstract
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Oouchi, K, Noda AT, Satoh M, Wang B, Xie SP, Takahashi HG, Yasunari T.  2009.  Asian summer monsoon simulated by a global cloud-system-resolving model: Diurnal to intra-seasonal variability. Geophysical Research Letters. 36   10.1029/2009gl038271   Abstract
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Oshima, K, Tanimoto Y, Xie SP.  2012.  Regional Patterns of Wintertime SLP Change over the North Pacific and Their Uncertainty in CMIP3 Multi-Model Projections. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. 90A:385-396.   10.2151/jmsj.2012-A23   Abstract

Regional patterns of wintertime sea level pressure (SLP) trends over the North Pacific and their uncertainty were investigated based on the phase 3 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3) multi-model projections under the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) A1B emission scenario for the 21st century (2000-2099). While the 24-model ensemble mean of the 100-yr SLP trend over the North Pacific shows a northward shift of the Aleutian low (AL), regional patterns of the SLP change vary among the models. Projected changes deepen the AL in several models but it shifts northward in some others. The different response of the AL results in a large inter-model spread over the North Pacific, which is largest of the Northern Hemisphere and comparable in magnitude to the ensemble mean in the same region. This large spread means a high degree of uncertainty in the 100-yr SLP trend over the North Pacific.|For the total uncertainty in the SLP trends over the North Pacific, we examined the relative importance of the internal climate variability and model uncertainty due to different treatments of physical processes and computational scheme. To evaluate each of contributions, a single-realization ensemble using a subset of 10 CMIP3 models is compared to a multi-realization ensemble for the same models in the A1B projections. Additionally the control simulations under preindustrial conditions are examined to evaluate the background internal variability in each of the CMIP3 models. Our analysis shows that both the model uncertainty and internal climate variability contribute to the total uncertainty in the 100-yr SLP trends during the 21st century, while the internal climate variability largely explains the total uncertainty in the 50-yr SLP trends during the first half of the 21st century.|The changes in surface heat flux and North Pacific subtropical gyre in association with the different response of the AL affect regional patterns of the sea surface temperature trends among models.