Challenges and opportunities for improved understanding of regional climate dynamics

Citation:
Collins, M, Minobe S, Barreiro M, Bordoni S, Kaspi Y, Kuwano-Yoshida A, Keenlyside N, Manzini E, O'Reilly CH, Sutton R, Xie SP, Zolina O.  2018.  Challenges and opportunities for improved understanding of regional climate dynamics. Nature Climate Change. 8:101-108.

Date Published:

2018/02

Keywords:

atmospheric blocking, cyclones, el-nino, Environmental Sciences & Ecology, extratropical, future climate, global-warming hiatus, Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences, north-atlantic, resolution model, sea-ice, storm-track, tropical pacific

Abstract:

Dynamical processes in the atmosphere and ocean are central to determining the large-scale drivers of regional climate change, yet their predictive understanding is poor. Here, we identify three frontline challenges in climate dynamics where significant progress can be made to inform adaptation: response of storms, blocks and jet streams to external forcing; basin-to-basin and tropical-extratropical teleconnections; and the development of non-linear predictive theory. We highlight opportunities and techniques for making immediate progress in these areas, which critically involve the development of high-resolution coupled model simulations, partial coupling or pacemaker experiments, as well as the development and use of dynamical metrics and exploitation of hierarchies of models.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1038/s41558-017-0059-8