Geothermal state and fluid flow within ODP Hole 843B: results from wireline logging

Wiggins, SM, Hildebrand JA, Gieskes JM.  2002.  Geothermal state and fluid flow within ODP Hole 843B: results from wireline logging. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 195:239-248.

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boreholes, dianaut program, DSDP, hawaiian swell, heat flow, heat-flow, hole-395a, hole-504b, hot-spot swells, ocean bottom, ocean floors, oceanic-crust, ODP Site 843, permeability, reentry, seismographs, thermal origin


Borehole fluid temperatures were measured with a wireline re-entry system in Ocean Drilling Program Hole 843B, the site of the Ocean Seismic Network Pilot Experiment. These temperature data, recorded more than 7 years after drilling, are compared to temperature data logged during Leg 136, approximately I day after drilling had ceased. Qualitative interpretations of the temperature data suggest that fluid flowed slowly downward in the borehole immediately following drilling, and flowed slowly upward 7 years after drilling. Quantitative analysis suggests that the upward fluid flow rate in the borehole is approximately 1 m/h. Slow fluid flow interpreted from temperature data only, however, requires estimates of other unmeasured physical properties. If fluid flows upward in Hole 843B, it may have led to undesirable noise for the borehole seismometer emplaced in this hole as part of the Ocean Seismic Network Pilot Experiment, Estimates of conductive heat flow from ODP Hole 843B are 51 mW/m(2) for the sediment and the basalt. These values are lower than the most recent Hawaiian Arch seafloor heat flow studies. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.