Echolocation signals of a beaked whale at Palmyra Atoll

Citation:
Baumann-Pickering, S, Wiggins SM, Roth EH, Roch MA, Schnitzler HU, Hildebrand JA.  2010.  Echolocation signals of a beaked whale at Palmyra Atoll. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 127:3790-9.

Date Published:

Jun

Keywords:

*Echolocation, *Whales, acoustic variables measurement, acoustic-signals, acoustics, Animals, Animals, Wild, bats, behavior, bioacoustics, biocommunications, cross-seamount, hawaii, mechanoception, mesoplodon-densirostris, orientation, Pacific Ocean, porpoises phocoena-phocoena, prey, Sound Spectrography, sounds, spatial, Species Specificity, Time Factors, zoology

Abstract:

Acoustic recordings from Palmyra Atoll, northern Line Islands, central Pacific, showed upsweep frequency modulated pulses reminiscent of those produced by beaked whales. These signals had higher frequencies, broader bandwidths, longer pulse durations and shorter inter-pulse intervals than previously described pulses of Blainville's, Cuvier's and Gervais' beaked whales [Zimmer et al. (2005). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, 3919-3927; Johnson et al. (2006). J. Exp. Biol. 209, 5038-5050; Gillespie et al. (2009). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 125, 3428-3433]. They were distinctly different temporally and spectrally from the unknown beaked whale at Cross Seamount, HI [McDonald et al. (2009). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 125, 624-627]. Genetics on beaked whale specimens found at Palmyra Atoll suggest the presence of a poorly known beaked whale species. Mesoplodon sp. might be the source of the FM pulses described in this paper. The Palmyra Atoll FM pulse peak frequency was at 44 kHz with a -10 dB bandwidth of 26 kHz. Mean pulse duration was 355 mus and inter-pulse interval was 225 ms, with a bimodal distribution. Buzz sequences were detected with inter-pulse intervals below 20 ms and unmodulated spectra, with about 20 dB lower amplitude than prior FM pulses. These clicks had a 39 kHz bandwidth (-10 dB), peak frequency at 37 kHz, click duration 155 mus, and inter-click interval between 4 and 10 ms.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1121/1.3409478