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Suanda, SH, Barth JA, Woodson CB.  2011.  Diurnal heat balance for the northern Monterey Bay inner shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 116:C09030.   10.1029/2010JC006894   AbstractWebsite

In the summer of 2007, physical measurements including velocity from acoustic Doppler current profilers, surface gravity wave heights measured acoustically, and temperature from thermistor chain arrays were collected along- and across- the mid to inner shelf (water depths from 10ā€“60 m) in northern Monterey Bay. The oceanic response to a strong (8ā€“15 m sāˆ’1 daily maximum) along-shelf sea breeze is examined by evaluating the diurnal heat budget over a cross-shelf section of the inner shelf. The diurnal heat budget closes to within the 95% confidence level with daily warming and cooling periods explained by two separate, but related processes. During evening/early morning warming period, 77% of the observed temperature increase is due to along-shelf advection of a temperature gradient within the upwelling shadow zone, a process which is arrested during the period of wind-forcing. In contrast, 75% of the afternoon cooling period is explained by the cross-shelf heat flux driven by diurnal along-shelf winds. In this study, diurnal tides are found to contribute less than 10% of the observed temperature variability and surface gravity waves do not show any significant diurnal variability. Richardson number estimates show that, on average, wind-induced shear is not strong enough to erode the strength of water column stratification within the upwelling shadow.