An Inverse Model for Estimating the Optical Absorption and Backscattering Coefficients of Seawater From Remote-Sensing Reflectance Over a Broad Range of Oceanic and Coastal Marine Environments

Citation:
Loisel, H, Stramski D, Dessailly D, Jamet C, Li L, Reynolds RA.  2018.  An Inverse Model for Estimating the Optical Absorption and Backscattering Coefficients of Seawater From Remote-Sensing Reflectance Over a Broad Range of Oceanic and Coastal Marine Environments. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 123:2141-2171.

Date Published:

2018/03

Keywords:

An improved inverse reflectance model for estimating ocean inherent optical properties, Model evaluation with a synthetic dataset indicates that algorithmic formulations are, ocean optics, Remote sensing and electromagnetic processes, Satisfactory model performance is validated with extensive datasets of in situ measurements

Abstract:

We present an inverse model (referred to as LS2) for estimating the inherent optical properties (IOPs) of seawater, specifically the spectral absorption, a(λ), and backscattering, bb(λ), coefficients within the ocean surface layer, from measurements of ocean remote-sensing reflectance, Rrs(λ). The non-water absorption, anw(λ), and particulate backscattering, bbp(λ), coefficients can be derived after subtracting pure seawater contributions. The LS2 requires no spectral assumptions about IOPs and provides solutions at arbitrary light wavelengths in the visible spectrum independently of one another. As the LS2 can operate with the inputs of Rrs(λ) and solar zenith angle it is applicable to satellite ocean color remote sensing. The model can also operate with additional input of the diffuse attenuation coefficient of downward irradiance, which provides somewhat improved model performance for applications using in situ radiometric measurements as inputs. The evaluation of LS2 with a synthetic dataset that is free of measurement errors indicates good performance for IOPs in the visible spectrum, except for anw(λ) in the long-wavelength portion of the spectrum where anw(λ) contributes only a few percent to a(λ) under typical open ocean conditions. The good performance is characterized by a median absolute percentage difference between the model-derived and true values of IOPs, which is generally <20%, and the median ratio of model-derived to true values <10%. The satisfactory model performance is also demonstrated through validation analysis based on extensive datasets comprising coincident in situ measurements of Rrs(λ) and IOPs as well as a match-up dataset comprising satellite-derived Rrs(λ) and in situ IOP measurements.

Notes:

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Website

DOI:

10.1002/2017JC013632