Underwater gliders reveal rapid arrival of El Nino effects off California's coast

Citation:
Todd, RE, Rudnick DL, Davis RE, Ohman MD.  2011.  Underwater gliders reveal rapid arrival of El Nino effects off California's coast. Geophysical Research Letters. 38

Date Published:

Feb

Keywords:

america, anomalies, current system, evolution, interannual variability, northeast pacific, ocean, sectors, signal, southern-oscillation

Abstract:

The 2009-2010 El Nino marked the first occurrence of this climate phenomenon since the initiation of sustained autonomous glider surveillance in the California Current System (CCS). Spray glider observations reveal the subsurface effects of El Nino in the CCS with spatial and temporal resolutions that could not have been obtained practically with any other observational method. Glider observations show that upper ocean waters in the CCS were unusually warm and isopycnals were abnormally deep during the El Nino event, but indicate no anomalous water masses in the region. Observed oceanic anomalies in the CCS are nearly in phase with an equatorial El Nino index and local anomalies of atmospheric forcing. These observations point toward an atmospheric teleconnection as an important mechanism for the 2009-2010 El Nino's remote effect on the mid-latitude CCS. Citation: Todd, R. E., D. L. Rudnick, R. E. Davis, and M. D. Ohman (2011), Underwater gliders reveal rapid arrival of El Nino effects off California's coast, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L03609, doi:10.1029/2010GL046376.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1029/2010gl046376

Scripps Publication ID:

L03609