Mantle fault zone beneath Kilauea volcano, Hawaii

Citation:
Wolfe, CJ, Okubo PG, Shearer PM.  2003.  Mantle fault zone beneath Kilauea volcano, Hawaii. Science. 300:478-480.

Date Published:

Apr

Keywords:

california, deformation, microearthquakes, seismicity, south flank

Abstract:

Relocations and focal mechanism analyses of deep earthquakes (greater than or equal to13 kilometers) at Kilauea volcano demonstrate that seismicity is focused on an active fault zone at 30-kilometer depth, with seaward slip on a low-angle plane, and other smaller, distinct fault zones. The earthquakes we have analyzed predominantly reflect tectonic faulting in the brittle lithosphere rather than magma movement associated with volcanic activity. The tectonic earthquakes may be induced on preexisting faults by stresses of magmatic origin, although background stresses from volcano loading and lithospheric flexure may also contribute.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1126/science.1082205