Melting phase relations in the Fe-S and Fe-S-O systems at core conditions in small terrestrial bodies

Citation:
Pommier, A, Laurenz V, Davies CJ, Frost DJ.  2018.  Melting phase relations in the Fe-S and Fe-S-O systems at core conditions in small terrestrial bodies. Icarus. 306:150-162.

Date Published:

2018/05

Keywords:

ab-initio calculations, Astronomy & Astrophysics, crystallization regime, earths inner-core, ganymedes magnetic-field, high-pressure, iron-sulfur compound, martian core, molten iron, outer core, thermal evolution

Abstract:

We report an experimental investigation of phase equilibria in the Fe-S and Fe-S-O systems. Experiments were performed at high temperatures (1400-1850 degrees C) and high pressures (14 and 20 GPa) using a multi anvil apparatus. The results of this study are used to understand the effect of sulfur and oxygen on core dynamics in small terrestrial bodies. We observe that the formation of solid FeO grains occurs at the FeS liquid - Fe solid interface at high temperature ( > 1400 degrees C at 20 GPa). Oxygen fugacities calculated for each O-bearing sample show that redox conditions vary from Delta 1W= 0.65 to 0. Considering the relative density of each phase and existing evolutionary models of terrestrial cores, we apply our experimental results to the cores of Mars and Ganymede. We suggest that the presence of FeO in small terrestrial bodies tends to contribute to outer-core compositional stratification. Depending on the redox and thermal history of the planet, FeO may also help form a transitional redox zone at the core-mantle boundary. (c) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1016/j.icarus.2018.01.021