Adakite petrogenesis

Castillo, PR.  2012.  Adakite petrogenesis. Lithos. 134:304-316.

Date Published:



adakite, Adakitic rocks, bajaite, basaltic crust, continental collision zones, convergent-margin magmas, high-field strength, high-mg andesites, high-Nb basalt, magnesian andesite, Slab melt, slab-derived melts, southern baja-california, subducting oceanic-crust, trace-element geochemistry, trondhjemite-granodiorite ttg, underplated


Adakite was originally proposed as a genetic term to define intermediate to high-silica, high Sr/Y and La/Yb volcanic and plutonic rocks derived from melting of the basaltic portion of oceanic crust subducted beneath volcanic arcs. It was also initially believed that adakite only occurs in convergent margins where young and, thus, still hot oceanic slabs are being subducted. Currently, adakite covers a range of arc rocks ranging from primary slab melt, to slab melt hybridized by peridotite, to melt derived from peridotite metasomatized by slab melt. Adakites can occur in arc settings where unusual tectonic conditions can lower the solidi of even older slabs and their source also includes subducted sediments. Results of adakite studies have generated controversies due to (1) the specific genetic definition of adakite but its reliance on trace element chemistry for its distinguishing characteristics, (2) curious association of adakite with alkalic rocks enriched in high field-strength elements and Cu-Au mineral deposits and (3) existence of adakitic rocks produced through other petrogenetic processes. Other studies have shown that adakitic rocks and a number of the previously reported adakites are produced through melting of the lower crust or ponded basaltic magma, high pressure crystal fractionation of basaltic magma and low pressure crystal fractionation of water-rich basaltic magma plus magma mixing processes in both arc or non-arc tectonic environments. Thus, although adakite investigations enrich our understanding of material recycling and magmatic processes along convergent margins, economic deposits and crustal evolutionary processes, the term adakite should be used with extreme caution. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.