Depth- and time-dependent vertical strain rates at Siple Dome, Antarctica

Citation:
Elsberg, DH, Harrison WD, Zumberge MA, Morack JL, Pettit EC, Waddington ED, Husmann E.  2004.  Depth- and time-dependent vertical strain rates at Siple Dome, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology. 50:511-521.

Keywords:

flow, ice stream-b, inland, margin migration, seismicity, Sheet, temperature, West Antarctica

Abstract:

As part of a project to investigate the flow of ice at low effective stress, two independent strain-gauge systems were used to measure vertical strain rate as a function of depth and time at Siple Dome, Antarctica. The measurements were made from January 1998 until January 2002 at the ice divide and a site 7km to the northeast on the flank. The strain-rate profiles place constraints on the rheology of ice at low stress, show the expected differences between divide and flank flow (with some structure due to firn compaction and probably ice stratigraphy), and suggest that the flow of the ice sheet has not changed much in the last 8.6kyr. The strain rates show an unexpected time dependence on scales ranging from several months to hours, including discrete summer events at the divide. Time dependence in strain rate, water pressure, seismicity, velocity and possibly basal motion has been seen previously on the Siple Coast ice streams, but it is especially surprising on Siple Dome because the bed is cold.

Notes:

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DOI:

10.3189/172756504781829684