Changes in pteropod distributions and shell dissolution across a frontal system in the California Current System

Citation:
Bednarsek, N, Ohman MD.  2015.  Changes in pteropod distributions and shell dissolution across a frontal system in the California Current System. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 523:93-103.

Date Published:

2015/03

Keywords:

carbon-dioxide, continental-shelf, ecosystem, impact, limacina-helicina, matter, ocean acidification, ocean fronts, particulate, Pteropoda, Shell dissolution, southern-ocean, terra-nova bay, vertical distribution, zooplankton

Abstract:

We tested the sensitivity of the vertical distributions and shell dissolution patterns of thecosome pteropods to spatial gradients associated with an eddy-associated front in the southern California Current System. The aragonite saturation horizon (Omega(arag) = 1.0) shoaled from > 200 to <75 m depth across the front. The vertical distribution of thecosome pteropods tracked these changes, with all 5 species showing reduced occurrence at depths below 100 m where waters were less saturated with respect to aragonite. Shell dissolution patterns of the numerically dominant thecosome Limacina helicina corresponded to the cross-frontal changes in Omega(arag) saturation state. Severe shell dissolution ( categorized here as Type II and Type III) was low in near-surface waters where Omega(arag) > 1.4, while peak dissolution occurred in depths where Omega(arag) = 1.0 to 1.4. Vertical habitat compression and increased shell dissolution may be expected to accompany future shoaling of waters that are undersaturated with respect to aragonite.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.3354/meps11199