Phytoplankton production and grazing balances in the Costa Rica Dome

Citation:
Landry, MR, Selph KE, Decima M, Gutierrez-Rodriguez A, Stukel MR, Taylor AG, Pasulka AL.  2016.  Phytoplankton production and grazing balances in the Costa Rica Dome. Journal of Plankton Research. 38:366-379.

Date Published:

2016/03

Keywords:

arabian sea, central equatorial pacific, community, eastern tropical pacific, grazing, growth, mesoscale eddy, north pacific, plankton community, productivity, structure, upwelling dome, us jgofs, variability

Abstract:

We investigated phytoplankton production rates and grazing fates in the Costa Rica Dome (CRD) during summer 2010 based on dilution depth profiles analyzed by flow cytometry and pigments and mesozooplankton grazing assessed by gut fluorescence. Three community production estimates, from C-14 uptake (1025+/-113 mg C m(-2) day(-1)) and from dilution experiments analyzed for total Chla (990+/-106 mg C m(-2) day(-1)) and flow cytometry populations (862+/-71 mg C m(-2) day(-1)), exceeded regional ship-based values by 2-3-fold. Picophytoplankton accounted for 56% of community biomass and 39% of production. Production profiles extended deeper for Prochlorococcus (PRO) and picoeukaryotes than for Synechococcus (SYN) and larger eukaryotes, but 93% of total production occurred above 40 m. Microzooplankton consumed all PRO and SYN growth and two-third of total production. Positive net growth of larger eukaryotes in the upper 40 m was balanced by independently measured consumption by mesozooplankton. Among larger eukaryotes, diatoms contributed similar to 3% to production. On the basis of this analysis, the CRD region is characterized by high production and grazing turnover, comparable with or higher than estimates for the eastern equatorial Pacific. The region nonetheless displays characteristics atypical of high productivity, such as picophytoplankton dominance and suppressed diatom roles.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1093/plankt/fbv089