Satellite Detection of Increased Cyanobacteria Blooms in the Baltic Sea - Natural Fluctuation or Ecosystem Change

Citation:
Kahru, M, Horstmann U, Rud O.  1994.  Satellite Detection of Increased Cyanobacteria Blooms in the Baltic Sea - Natural Fluctuation or Ecosystem Change. Ambio. 23:469-472.

Date Published:

Dec

Keywords:

surface

Abstract:

Using data from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on the NOAA series of satellites, an increase in the area covered by cyanobacteria blooms in the Baltic Sea was detected. The time series of satellite data covers a period of 12 years from 1982 to 1993. The total area covered by surface-floating cyanobacteria (bluegreen algae) has increased in the 1990s, reaching over 62 000 km in 1992. From 1992, visible accumulations appeared for the first time in the Gulf of Riga and reappeared, in the western Gulf of Finland, after being absent from 1984. Conspicuous surface blooms were also present in the early 1980s, coincident with a period of sunny and calm summers. However, when the influence of variable sunshine duration is taken into account, the increase in 1991-1993 is still distinct, indicating significant changes in the Baltic environment. The causal factors for the increased cyanobacteria blooms are still not clear.

Notes:

n/a

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