Nodal and Hedgehog synergize in gill slit formation during development of the cephalochordate Branchiostoma floridae

Citation:
Ono, H, Koop D, Holland LZ.  2018.  Nodal and Hedgehog synergize in gill slit formation during development of the cephalochordate Branchiostoma floridae. Development. 145

Date Published:

2018/08

Keywords:

Branchiostoma, cell-survival, chick-embryo, developmental biology, forebrain development, Gill slit development, hedgehog, left-right asymmetry, nervous-system, neural crest, Nodal signaling, pharyngeal arch development, pharyngeal patterning, ptychodera-flava, sea-urchin, signaling, sonic-hedgehog

Abstract:

The larval pharynx of the cephalochordate Branchiostoma (amphioxus) is asymmetrical. The mouth is on the left, and endostyle and gill slits are on the right. At the neurula, Nodal and Hedgehog (Hh) expression becomes restricted to the left. To dissect their respective roles in gill slit formation, we inhibited each pathway separately for 20 min at intervals during the neurula stage, before gill slits penetrate, and monitored the effects on morphology and expression of pharyngeal markers. The results pinpoint the short interval spanning the gastrula/neurula transition as the critical period for specification and positioning of future gill slits. Thus, reduced Nodal signaling shifts the gill slits ventrally, skews the pharyngeal domains of Hh, Pax1/9, Pax2/5/8, Six1/2 and IrxC towards the left, and reduces Hh and Tbx1/10 expression in endoderm and mesoderm, respectively. Nodal auto-regulates. Decreased Hh signaling does not affect gill slit positions or Hh or Nodal expression, but it does reduce the domain of Gli, the Hh target, in the pharyngeal endoderm. Thus, during the neurula stage, Nodal and Hh cooperate in gill slit development - Hh mediates gill slit formation and Nodal establishes their left-right position.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1242/dev.162586

Scripps Publication ID:

UNSP dev162586