Direct observations of North Pacific ventilation: Brine rejection in the Okhotsk Sea

Citation:
Shcherbina, AY, Talley LD, Rudnick DL.  2003.  Direct observations of North Pacific ventilation: Brine rejection in the Okhotsk Sea. Science. 302:1952-1955.

Date Published:

Dec

Keywords:

circulation, convection, deep-water, heat-budget, ice, intermediate, ocean, polynya, shelf, water production

Abstract:

Brine rejection that accompanies ice formation in coastal polynyas is responsible for ventilating several globally important water masses in the Arctic and Antarctic. However, most previous studies of this process have been indirect, based on heat budget analyses or on warm-season water column inventories. Here, we present direct measurements of brine rejection and formation of North Pacific Intermediate Water in the Okhotsk Sea from moored winter observations. A steady, nearly linear salinity increase unambiguously caused by local ice formation was observed for more than a month.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1126/science.1088692