A complex pattern of mantle flow in the Lau backarc

Citation:
Smith, GP, Wiens DA, Fischer KM, Dorman LM, Webb SC, Hildebrand JA.  2001.  A complex pattern of mantle flow in the Lau backarc. Science. 292:713-716.

Date Published:

Apr

Keywords:

arc, basin, beneath, deformation, melt, plate, seismic anisotropy, shear, tonga subduction zone

Abstract:

Shear-wave splitting analysis of Local events recorded on Land and on the ocean floor in the Tonga are acid Lau backarc indicate a complex pattern of azimuthal anisotropy that cannot be explained by mantle flow coupled to the downgoing plate. These observations suggest that the direction of mantle flow rotates from convergence-parallel in the Fiji plateau to north-south beneath the Lau basin and are-parallel beneath the Tonga are. These results correlate with helium isotopes that map mantle flow of the Samoan plume into the Lau basin through an opening tear in the Pacific plate.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1126/science.1058763