Heterogeneous chemistry of lipopolysaccharides with gas-phase nitric acid: Reactive sites and reaction pathways

Citation:
Trueblood, JV, Estillore AD, Lee C, Dowling JA, Prather KA, Grassian VH.  2016.  Heterogeneous chemistry of lipopolysaccharides with gas-phase nitric acid: Reactive sites and reaction pathways. Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 120:6444-6450.

Date Published:

2016/08

Keywords:

atmosphere, basicities, chloride, escherichia-coli, molecules, ocean, particles, proton-binding, sea spray aerosol, spectroscopy

Abstract:

Recent studies have shown that sea spray aerosol (SSA) has a size-dependent, complex composition consisting of biomolecules and biologically derived organic compounds in addition to salts. This additional chemical complexity most likely influences the heterogeneous reactivity of SSA, as these other components will have different reactive sites and reaction pathways. In this study, we focus on the reactivity of a class of particles derived from some of the biological components of sea spray aerosol including lipopolysaccharides (LPS) that undergo heterogeneous chemistry within the reactive sites of the biological molecule. Examples of these reactions and the relevant reactive sites are proposed as follows: R-COONa(s) + HNO3(g) -> NaNO3 + R-COOH and R-HPO4Na(s) + HNO3(g) -> NaNO3 + R-H2PO4. These reactions may be a heterogeneous pathway not only for sea spray aerosol but also for a variety of other types of atmospheric aerosol as well.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1021/acs.jpca.6b07023