Water masses and circulation in the Eurasian Basin: Results from the Oden 91 expedition

Anderson, LG, Bjork G, Holby O, Jones EP, Kattner G, Koltermann KP, Liljeblad B, Lindegren R, Rudels B, Swift J.  1994.  Water masses and circulation in the Eurasian Basin: Results from the Oden 91 expedition. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. 99:3273-3283.

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Alkalinity, arctic mediterranean seas, fram strait, fresh-water, ice, nansen-basin, ocean


The Oden 91 North Pole expedition obtained oceanographic measurements on four sections in the Nansen and Amundsen basins of the Eurasian Basin and in the Makarov Basin of the Canadian Basin, thereby proving the feasibility of carrying out a typical oceanographic program using an icebreaker in the Arctic Ocean. The data show greater spatial variability in water structure and circulation than was apparent from previous data. The results show that a clear front exists between the Eurasian and Canadian basins such that upper halocline water in the Canadian Basin is almost absent from the Eurasian Basin. The lower halocline water produced in the Barents-Kara Sea region permeates much of the Eurasian Basin and flows along the continental slope into the Canadian Basin. The deeper circulation is strongly influenced by topography. Three return flows of the Atlantic layer are identified, one over the Nansen-Gakkel Ridge, one over the Lomonosov Ridge, and a third flowing from the Canadian Basin. The slight differences observed in salinity and temperature characteristics of the deeper waters of the Nansen and Amundsen basins do not lead to an obvious explanation of their origin or flow pattern.