Chlorofluoromethanes in the Arctic mediterranean seas: evidence for formation of bottom water in the Eurasian Basin and deep-water exchange through Fram Strait

Citation:
Smethie, WM, Chipman DW, Swift JH, Koltermann KP.  1988.  Chlorofluoromethanes in the Arctic mediterranean seas: evidence for formation of bottom water in the Eurasian Basin and deep-water exchange through Fram Strait. Deep-Sea Research Part a-Oceanographic Research Papers. 35:347-369.

Date Published:

Mar

Abstract:

During July–August of 1984, the polar research vessel R.V. Polarstern occupied sections of oceanographic stations in and north of Fram Strait and across the Greenland Sea (Boreas Basin) south of Fram Strait. The temperature, salinity and chlorofluoromethane (CFM) data for the Polarstern stations within the Eurasian Basin reveal two deep-water masses, Eurasian Basin Bottom Water (EBBW) which lies below the σ2 = 37.46 density surface and Eurasian Basin Deep Water (EBDW) which lies above this surface. The depth of this surface is close to the 2600 m sill depth of Fram Strait. The CFM, temperature and salinity distributions suggest that EBBW is partially composed of dense, high salinity shelf water advected into the deep Eurasian Basin, where it probably circulates around the basin in a deep cyclonic boundary current. An upper limit of about 0.1 Sv was estimated from the CFM data for the transport of pure high salinity shelf water into the Eurasian Basin below 3000 m. These data together with data collected on previous cruises to the Norwegian and Greenland seas reveal that EBDW exchanges with water masses south of Fram Strait, first flowing through Fram Strait in a narrow (<10 km) deep boundary current, then mixing with Greenland Sea Deep Water in the periphery of the Greenland Gyre to form new Norwegian Sea Deep Water (NSDW). Some of this new NSDW flows southeastward into the Norwegian Sea and a mixture of old and new NSDW flows northward on the eastern side of Fram Strait, returning to the Eurasian Basin. We estimate the volume transport of EBDW southwrd through Fram Strait to be 0.80–0.93 Sv. Volume transports between the deep Greenland and deep Norwegian seas and between the surface and deep Greenland Sea were also estimated with respective values of 0.80–0.93 Sv and 0.50 –0.52 Sv.

Notes:

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DOI:

10.1016/0198-0149(88)90015-5