Intraseasonal Kelvin wave in Makassar Strait

Pujiana, K, Gordon AL, Sprintall J.  2013.  Intraseasonal Kelvin wave in Makassar Strait. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. 118:2023-2034.

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Indonesian, indonesian throughflow, intraseasonal variability, kelvin waves, makassar strait, ocean, pacific, seas, slope, thermocline, throughflow, variability


Time series observations during 2004-2006 reveal the presence of 60-90days intraseasonal events that impact the transport and mixing environment within Makassar Strait. The observed velocity and temperature fluctuations within the pycnocline reveal the presence of Kelvin waves including vertical energy propagation, energy equipartition, and nondispersive relationship. Two current meters at 750 and 1500m provide further evidence that the vertical structure of the downwelling Kelvin wave resembles that of the second baroclinic wave mode. The Kelvin waves derive their energy from the equatorial Indian Ocean winds, including those associated with the Madden-Julian oscillations, and propagate from Lombok Strait to Makassar Strait along the 100-m isobath. The northward propagating Kelvin waves within the pycnocline reduce the southward Makassar Strait throughflow by up to 2Sv and induce a marked increase of vertical diffusivity.