Evidence for heterogeneous enriched shergottite mantle sources in Mars from olivine-hosted melt inclusions in Larkman Nunatak 06319

Sarbadhikari, AB, Goodrich CA, Liu Y, Day JMD, Taylor LA.  2011.  Evidence for heterogeneous enriched shergottite mantle sources in Mars from olivine-hosted melt inclusions in Larkman Nunatak 06319. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta. 75:6803-6820.

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basaltic melts, differentiation history, isotopic systematics, magmatic inclusions, martian meteorite, oxygen fugacity, parent magma, phyric shergottites, re-equilibration, ti oxides


Larkman Nunatak (LAR) 06319 is an olivine-phyric shergottite whose olivine crystals contain abundant crystallized melt inclusions. In this study, three types of melt inclusion were distinguished, based on their occurrence and the composition of their olivine host: Type-I inclusions occur in phenocryst cores (Fo(77-73)); Type-II inclusions occur in phenocryst mantles (Fo(71-66)); Type-III inclusions occur in phenocryst rims (Fo(61-51)) and within groundmass olivine. The sizes of the melt inclusions decrease significantly from Type-I (similar to 150-250 mu m diameter) to Type-II (similar to 100 mu m diameter) to Type-III (similar to 25-75 mu m diameter). Present bulk compositions (PBC) of the crystallized melt inclusions were calculated for each of the three melt inclusion types based on average modal abundances and analyzed compositions of constituent phases. Primary trapped liquid compositions were then reconstructed by addition of olivine and adjustment of the Fe/Mg ratio to equilibrium with the host olivine (to account for crystallization of wall olivine and the effects of Fe/Mg re-equilibration). The present bulk composition of Type-I inclusions (PBC1) plots on a tie-line that passes through olivine and the LAR 06319 whole-rock composition. The parent magma composition can be reconstructed by addition of 29 mol% olivine to PBC1, and adjustment of Fe/Mg for equilibrium with olivine of Fo(77) composition. The resulting parent magma composition has a predicted crystallization sequence that is consistent with that determined from petrographic observations, and differs significantly from the whole-rock only in an accumulated olivine component (similar to 10 wt%). This is consistent with a calculation indicating that similar to 10 wt% agnesian (Fo(77-73)) olivine must be subtracted from the whole-rock to yield a melt in equilibrium with Fo(77). Thus, two independent estimates indicate that LAR 06319 contains similar to 10 wt% cumulate olivine. The rare earth element (REE) patterns of Type-I melt inclusions are similar to that of the LAR 06319 whole-rock. The REE patterns of Type-II and Type-III melt inclusions are also broadly parallel to that of the whole-rock, but at higher absolute abundances. These results are consistent with an LAR 06319 parent magma that crystallized as a closed-system, with its incompatible-element enrichment being inherited from its mantle source region. However, fractional crystallization of the reconstructed LAR 06319 parent magma cannot reproduce the major and trace element characteristics of all enriched basaltic shergottites, indicating local-to-large scale major-and trace-element variations in the mantle source of enriched shergottites. Therefore, LAR 06319 cannot be parental to the enriched basaltic shergottites. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.