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Zhao, MX, Bada JL.  1995.  Determination of Alpha-Dialkylamino Acids and Their Enantiomers in Geological Samples by High-Performance Liquid-Chromatography after Derivatization with a Chiral Adduct of O-Phthaldialdehyde. Journal of Chromatography A. 690:55-63.   10.1016/0021-9673(94)00927-2   AbstractWebsite

Derivatization with o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA) and the chiral thiol N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAG) is a convenient and sensitive technique for the HPLC detection and resolution of protein amino acid enantiomers. The kinetics of the reaction of OPA-NAC with alpha-dialkylamino acids was investigated. The fluorescence yield of alpha-dialkylamino acids was only about 10% of that of protein amino acids when the derivatization was carried out at room temperature for 1-2 min, which is the procedure generally used for protein amino acid analyses. The fluorescence yield of alpha-dialkylamino acids can be enhanced by up to ten-fold when the derivatization reaction time is increased to 15 min at room temperature. The OPA-NAC technique was optimized for the detection and enantiomeric resolution of alpha-dialkylamino acids in geological samples which contain a large excess of protein amino acids. The estimated detection limit for alpha-dialkylamino acids is 1-2 pmol, comparable to that for protein amino acids.

Zenobi, R, Philippoz JM, Zare RN, Wing MR, Bada JL, Marti K.  1992.  Organic-Compounds in the Forest Vale, H4 Ordinary Chondrite. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta. 56:2899-2905.   10.1016/0016-7037(92)90366-q   AbstractWebsite

We have analyzed the H4 ordinary chondrite Forest Vale for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) using two-step laser mass spectrometry (L2MS) and for amino acids using a standard chromatographic method. Indigenous PAHs were identified in the matrices of freshly cleaved interior faces but could not be detected in pulverized silicates and chondrules. No depth dependence of the PAHs was found in a chipped interior piece. Amino acids, taken from the entire sample, consisted of protein amino acids that were nonracemic, indicating that they are terrestrial contaminants. The presence of indigenous PAHs and absence of indigenous amino acids provides support for the contention that different processes and environments contributed to the synthesis of the organic matter in the solar system.