Planning for a Mars in situ sample preparation and distribution (SPAD) system

Citation:
Beaty, DW, Miller S, Zimmerman W, Bada J, Conrad P, Dupuis E, Huntsberger T, Ivlev R, Kim SS, Lee BG, Lindstrom D, Lorenzoni L, Mahaffy P, McNamara K, Papanastassiou D, Patrick S, Peters S, Rohatgi N, Simmonds JJ, Spray J, Swindle TD, Tamppari L, Treiman A, Wolfenbarger JK, Zent A.  2004.  Planning for a Mars in situ sample preparation and distribution (SPAD) system. Planetary and Space Science. 52:55-66.

Date Published:

Jan-Mar

Keywords:

advanced analysis, collection, comminution, in situ measurement, pathfinder mission, primary analysis, sample, sample distribution, sample preparation, sample splits, sampling, sieving, subsampling

Abstract:

For Mars in situ landed missions, it has become increasingly apparent that significant value may be provided by a shared system that we call a Sample Preparation and Distribution (SPAD) System. A study was conducted to identify the issues and feasibility of such a system for these missions that would provide common functions for: receiving a variety of sample types from multiple sample acquisition systems; conducting preliminary characterization of these samples with non-destructive science instruments and making decisions about what should happen to the samples; performing a variety of sample preparation functions- and, finally, directing the prepared samples to additional science instruments for further analysis. Scientific constraints on the functionality of the system were identified, such as triage, contamination management, and various sample preparation steps, e.g., comminution, splitting, rock surfacing, and sieving. Some simplifying strategies were recommended and an overall science flow was developed. Engineering functional requirements were also investigated and example architectures developed. Preliminary conclusions are that shared SPAD facility systems could indeed add value to future Mars in situ landed missions if they are designed to respond to the particular requirements and constraints of those missions, that such a system appears feasible for consideration, and that certain standards should be developed for key SPAD interfaces. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1016/j.pss.2003.08.016