Extraterrestrial helium trapped in fullerenes in the sudbury impact structure

Citation:
Becker, L, Poreda RJ, Bada JL.  1996.  Extraterrestrial helium trapped in fullerenes in the sudbury impact structure. Science. 272:249-252.

Date Published:

Apr

Keywords:

allende meteorite, carbon, circumstellar chemistry, delivery, gases, interstellar, ion-molecule reactions, organic-molecules, origins, particles

Abstract:

Fullerenes (C-60 and C-70) in the Sudbury impact structure contain trapped helium with a He-3/He-4 ratio of 5.5 x 10(-4) to 5.9 x 10(-4). The He-3/He-4 ratio exceeds the accepted solar wind value by 20 to 30 percent and is higher by an order of magnitude than the maximum reported mantle value, Terrestrial nuclear reactions or cosmic-ray bombardment are not sufficient to generate such a high ratio. The He-3/He-4 ratios in the Sudbury fullerenes are similar to those found in meteorites and in some interplanetary dust particles. The implication is that the helium within the C-60 molecules at Sudbury is of extraterrestrial origin.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1126/science.272.5259.249