Propagation of barotropic vortices over topography in a rotating tank

Citation:
Carnevale, GF, Kloosterziel RC, vanHeijst GJF.  1991.  Propagation of barotropic vortices over topography in a rotating tank. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 233:119-139.

Date Published:

Dec

Keywords:

beta-plane, eddies, eddy, evolution, flow, gulf-stream rings, modons, motion, statistical-mechanics, turbulence

Abstract:

A small-scale cyclonic vortex in a relatively broad valley tends to climb up and out of the valley in a cyclonic spiral about the centre, and when over a relatively broad hill it tends to climb toward the top in an anticyclonic spiral around the peak. This phenomenon is examined here through two-dimensional numerical simulations and rotating-tank experiments. The basic mechanism involved is shown to be the same as that which accounts for the northwest propagation of cyclones on a beta-plane. This inviscid nonlinear effect is also shown to be responsible for the observed translationary motion of barotropic vortices in a free-surface rotating tank. The behaviour of isolated vortices is contrasted with that of vortices with non-vanishing circulation.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1017/s0022112091000411