Buoyancy- to inertial-range transition in forced stratified turbulence

Citation:
Carnevale, GF, Briscolini M, Orlandi P.  2001.  Buoyancy- to inertial-range transition in forced stratified turbulence. Journal of Fluid Mechanics. 427:205-239.

Date Published:

Jan

Keywords:

3, dimensions, evolution, gravity-wave breaking, internal waves, isotropic turbulence, large-eddy simulation, parametric-instability, shear, spectra, temperature, vorticity dynamics

Abstract:

The buoyancy range, which represents a transition from large-scale wave-dominated motions to small-scale turbulence in the oceans and the atmosphere, is investigated through large-eddy simulations. The model presented here uses a continual forcing based on large-scale standing internal waves and has a spectral truncation in the isotropic inertial range. Evidence is presented for a break in the energy spectra from the anisotropic k(-3) buoyancy range to the small-scale k(-5/3) isotropic inertial range. Density structures that form during wave breaking and periods of high strain rate are analysed. Elongated vertical structures produced during periods of strong straining motion are found to collapse in the subsequent vertically compressional phase of the strain resulting in a zone or patch of mixed fluid.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1017/s002211200000241x