Structural properties of the San Jacinto Fault Zone at Blackburn Saddle from seismic data of a dense linear array

Citation:
Share, PE, Allam AA, Ben-Zion Y, Lin FC, Vernon FL.  2019.  Structural properties of the San Jacinto Fault Zone at Blackburn Saddle from seismic data of a dense linear array. Pure and Applied Geophysics. 176:1169-1191.

Date Published:

2019/03

Keywords:

andreas fault, bimaterial interfaces, body waves, direct-p, Earthquake dynamics, Geochemistry & Geophysics, guided waves, guided-waves, head waves, high-resolution imaging, Interface waves, internal structure, north anatolian fault, parkfield section, polarization analysis, San Jacinto fault zone, seismic array, southern california

Abstract:

We image the San Jacinto fault zone at Blackburn Saddle using earthquake waveforms recorded by a similar to 2-km across-fault linear array with 108 three-component sensors separated by similar to 10-30m. The length and spatiotemporal sampling of the array allow us to derive high-resolution information on the internal fault zone structure with spatial extent that can be merged with regional tomography models. Across-fault variations in polarization, amplitude, and arrival time of teleseismic P waves indicate abrupt changes in subsurface structure near the surface trace of the fault (sensor BS55) and similar to 270m to the northeast (sensor BS34). Analysis of fault zone head waves from local events reveals the existence of a deep bimaterial interface that extends from the array to at least 50km southeast and has a section with>10% velocity contrast. This analysis also corroborates the teleseismic results and indicates a broad damage zone primarily northeast of the fault bounded by a shallow bimaterial interface near BS34 that merges with the deep interface. Detection and waveform inversions of Love-type fault zone trapped waves generated by local events indicate a trapping structure within the broader damage zone with width of similar to 150m, velocity reduction of similar to 55% from the surrounding rock and depth extent of similar to 2km. The performed analyses provide consistent results on the subsurface location of the main seismogenic fault and properties of a major bimaterial interface and damage structure. The imaged fault zone properties are consistent with preferred propagation direction of earthquake ruptures in the area to the northwest.

Notes:

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DOI:

10.1007/s00024-018-1988-5