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Yale, M, Sandwell D, Herring A.  1998.  What are the limitations of satellite altimetry? The Leading Edge. 17:73-76.: Society of Exploration Geophysicists   10.1190/1.1437832   AbstractWebsite

Radar altimeter measurements of the marine geoid collected during the Seasat altimeter mission gave geophysicists hope of uncovering the gravity field over all the ocean basins. However, because of insufficient track density, it has taken 16 years for the full potential of the satellite altimeter to be realized. The high‐density coverage obtained by ERS-1 during its geodetic mapping phase (April 1994–March 1995) prompted the U.S. Navy to declassify all of the Geosat altimeter data in June 1995. The combination of these two high‐density data sets provided the first global view of all the ocean basins at a wavelength resolution of 20–30 km.

Sandwell, D, Fialko Y.  2004.  Warping and cracking of the Pacific plate by thermal contraction. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth. 109   10.1029/2004jb003091   AbstractWebsite

Lineaments in the gravity field and associated chains of volcanic ridges are widespread on the Pacific plate but are not yet explained by plate tectonics. Recent studies have proposed that they are warps and cracks in the plate caused by uneven thermal contraction of the cooling lithosphere. We show that the large thermoelastic stress produced by top-down cooling is optimally released by lithospheric flexure between regularly spaced parallel cracks. Both the crack spacing and approximate gravity amplitude are predicted by elastic plate theory and variational principle. Cracks along the troughs of the gravity lineaments provide conduits for the generation of volcanic ridges in agreement with new observations from satellite-derived gravity. Our model suggests that gravity lineaments are a natural consequence of lithospheric cooling so that convective rolls or mantle plumes are not required.