Surface albedo over the Arctic Ocean derived from AVHRR and its validation with SHEBA data

Citation:
Xiong, XZ, Stamnes K, Lubin D.  2002.  Surface albedo over the Arctic Ocean derived from AVHRR and its validation with SHEBA data. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 41:413-425.

Date Published:

Apr

Keywords:

bidirectional anisotropic reflectance, broad-band, channel-2 spectral regions, conversion, greenland ice-sheet, high-resolution radiometer, in-situ, near-infrared channels, postlaunch calibration, radiative-transfer, sea-ice

Abstract:

A method is presented for retrieving the broadband albedo over the Arctic Ocean using advanced very high resolution radiometer (AVHRR) data obtained from NOAA polar-orbiting satellites. Visible and near-infrared albedos over snow and ice surfaces are retrieved from AVHRR channels 1 and 2, respectively, and the broadband shortwave albedo is derived through narrow-to-broadband conversion (NTBC). It is found that field measurements taken under different conditions yield different NTBC coefficients. Model simulations over snow and ice surfaces based on rigorous radiative transfer theory support this finding. The lack of a universal set of NTBC coefficients implies a 5%-10% error in the retrieved broadband albedo. An empirical formula is derived for converting albedo values from AVHRR channels 1 and 2 into a broadband albedo under different snow and ice surface conditions. Uncertain calibration of AVHRR channels 1 and 2 is the largest source of uncertainty, and an error of 5% in satellite-measured radiance leads to an error of 5%-10% in the retrieved albedo. NOAA-14 AVHRR data obtained over the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA) ice camp are used to derive the seasonal variation of the surface albedo over the Arctic Ocean between April and August of 1998. Comparison with surface measurements of albedo by Perovich and others near the SHEBA ice camp shows very good agreement. On average, the retrieval error of albedo from AVHRR is 5%-10%.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1175/1520-0450(2002)041<0413:saotao>2.0.co;2