Impact of a deep ozone hole on Southern Ocean primary production

Citation:
Arrigo, KR, Lubin D, van Dijken GL, Holm-Hansen O, Morrow E.  2003.  Impact of a deep ozone hole on Southern Ocean primary production. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans. 108

Date Published:

May

Keywords:

antarctic, antarctic phytoplankton, biological weighting function, biooptical properties, delta-eddington approximation, earths surface, marine photosynthesis, modeling, Ozone, phaeocystis-antarctica, phytoplankton production, remote sensing, ross sea, ultraviolet-radiation levels, uv inhibition, UV-inhibition

Abstract:

[1] Field studies show that photosynthesis by Antarctic phytoplankton is inhibited by the increased ultraviolet radiation (UVR) resulting from springtime stratospheric ozone (O-3) depletion. To extend previous observations, a numerical model utilizing satellite-derived distributions of O-3, clouds, sea ice, surface temperature, and phytoplankton biomass was developed to study the hemispheric-scale seasonal effects of a deep Antarctic O-3 hole on primary production in the Southern Ocean. UVR-induced losses of surface phytoplankton production were substantial under all O-3 conditions, mostly due to UVA. However, when integrated to the 0.1% light depth, the loss of primary production resulting from enhanced fluxes of UVB due to O-3 depletion was <0.25%. The loss of primary production is minimized by the strong attenuation of UVR within the water column and by sea ice which is at its peak extent at the time of the most severe O-3 depletion.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1029/2001jc001226

Scripps Publication ID:

3154