Direct estimation of absolute precipitable water in oceanic regions by GPS tracking of a coastal buoy

Citation:
Chadwell, CD, Bock Y.  2001.  Direct estimation of absolute precipitable water in oceanic regions by GPS tracking of a coastal buoy. Geophysical Research Letters. 28:3701-3704.

Date Published:

Oct

Keywords:

delay, global positioning system, meteorology, network, vapor

Abstract:

A buoy-based CPS receiver and meteorological sensor are used to estimate directly the absolute precipitable water (PW) overlying a coastal ocean site 8 km from shore. During an 11-day experiment, one-second CPS data collected at the buoy and at a shore station are combined with 30-second data from four distant CPS stations to estimate the buoy position, zenith wet delay, phase biases, and receiver and satellite clocks using double-differenced phase processing with ambiguity resolution. GPS-derived PW at the buoy compared to radiosonde measurements (20) and to half-hourly GPS-PW values (384) from the nearby shore station show an rms agreement of +/-1.5 mm and +/-1.8 mm, respectively. Hourly means (170) of the GPS-measured vertical motion of the buoy show a +/- 24 mm rms agreement with a NOAA tide gauge, equivalent to about 4 mm of PW. GPS-derived PW from buoys may have the potential to improve weather forecasting, calibration of satellite-based sensors, and climate studies.

Notes:

n/a

Website

DOI:

10.1029/2001gl013280