Infrasound: Connecting the Solid Earth, Oceans, and Atmosphere

Hedlin, MAH, Walker K, Drob DP, De Groot-Hedlin CD.  2012.  Infrasound: Connecting the Solid Earth, Oceans, and Atmosphere. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Vol 40. 40( Jeanloz R, Ed.).:327-354., Palo Alto: Annual Reviews


array, attenuation, coupling, ducting, finite-difference, Gravity waves, microseisms, MIDDLE ATMOSPHERE, PRESSURE WAVES, scattering, signals, simulation, sound-propagation, spatial filters, wind noise, wind-noise


The recently reinvigorated field of infrasonics is poised to provide insight into atmospheric structure and the physics of large atmospheric phenomena, just as seismology has shed considerable light on the workings and structure of Earth's solid interior. Although a natural tool to monitor the atmosphere and shallow Earth for nuclear explosions, it is becoming increasingly apparent that infrasound also provides another means to monitor a suite of natural hazards. The frequent observation of geophysical sources-such as the unsteady sea surface, volcanoes, and earthquakes-that radiate energy both up into the atmosphere and down into the liquid or solid Earth and transmission of energy across Earth's boundaries reminds us that Earth is an interconnected system. This review details the rich history of the unheard sound in the atmosphere and the role that infrasonics plays in helping us understand the Earth system.